Edward Daniel Cartier
Edward Daniel Cartier, one of the legendary illustrators from the golden age of pulp fiction, died December 25, 2008, in his Ramsey, NJ home.
Cartier created more than 800 illustrations for The Shadow Magazine, painted five covers and produced more than 200 interior illustrations for Unknown and nearly 300 illustrations for Astounding Science Fiction.
The favorite artist of John W. Campbell and writer L. Ron Hubbard, Cartier also illustrated science fiction stories by Isaac Asimov, Robert A. Heinlein, Theodore Sturgeon, Clifford D. Simak and L. Sprague de Camp, and also horror stories by Robert Bloch and John D. MacDonald's early mystery fiction.
Cartier began illustrating stories for Street & Smith, the leading publisher of pulp fiction magazines, while still a student at Brooklyn's Pratt Institute's School of Fine and Applied Arts, where he majored in pictorial illustration and studied under illustrators Harold Winfield Scott and William James, a Street & Smith art director who gave Cartier his first professional assignments.
"I began by doing a single illustration per week for Street & Smith pulps like Wild West Weekly, Movie Action and Detective Story Magazine while still attending Pratt," he recently recalled, "and was initially paid eight dollars for each drawing."
Graduating in 1936, Cartier received his first ongoing assignment illustrating The Shadow¹s adventures. "The regular artist, Tom Lovell, was moving on to pursue a painting career, so I alternated with him illustrating the twice-monthly novels. My first work for The Shadow Magazine accompanied 'The Sledge-Hammer Crimes' in the August 1st, 1936 issue, coincidentally my twenty-second birthday."
After he began illustrating The Shadow, Cartier received a letter from Norman Rockwell offering him a job as an assistant. "I went to Harold and asked his opinion. 'If you study with Norman Rockwell, you're just going to become another Norman Rockwell,' Scott advised. 'You¹ll be influenced entirely by him. You should remain on your own.' So I turned down Rockwell¹s job offer, though I have regretted doing so ever since."
Shortly after graduation, Cartier leased a Manhattan studio with Earl Mayan, a future Saturday Evening Post cover artist. Cartier later returned home to New Jersey and set up his second studio above [his father's] Cartier¹s Saloon in his hometown of North Bergen. "Although I continued to contribute drawings tothe other Street & Smith pulps, The Shadow Magazine quickly became the focus of my career.... The gritty atmosphere of The Shadow¹s relentless fight against crime gave me the opportunity to illustrate a weird and fantastic world. Much of the action took place in my stylized visions of urban locales: dark hallways, one-room flats, spooky mansions, dingy subways, dead-end alleys and fog-shrouded wharves. I especially liked doing full-throttle scenes of speeding boats, steam-belching locomotives, crashing cars and hovering autogyros."
Cartier also illustrated the adventures of Hook McGuire, bowling detective, and some three dozen tales, written by Steve Fisher as "Grant Lane," about a young, shoeshine-boy detective named Danny Garrett that appeared as backup stories in The Shadow Magazine, and stories for Street & Smith¹s other mystery magazines including The Whisperer, The Wizard and Detective Story Magazine.
In 1939, the editor of Street & Smith¹s Astounding Science-Fiction offered him the opportunity to illustrate Unknown, a groundbreaking magazine of horror and supernatural fiction.
"John W. Campbell, Jr., thought I would be ideally suited to illustrating fantasy. I always enjoyed drawing the weird and fantastic nature of The Shadow¹s adventures. And John said he had often admired that quality in my illustrations before he asked me to illustrate Unknown. After I illustrated the lead story in the first issue of Unknown -- with my former instructor Harold Scott providing the cover painting‹William James asked me if I would mind having someone else take over The Shadow so I could concentrate on science fiction and fantasy. I said it was okay with me, since I also liked science fiction. When I was a kid, my brothers Alfred and Vincent read as much science fiction as they could get their hands on. They had Hugo Gernsback¹s magazines, and shared them with me. At first, I thought the stories were too fantastic. But I was soon hooked on the genre. After I became an illustrator, I knew it would be fascinating to do science fiction art, and I was pleased to move on to Unknown and, also, Astounding Science Fiction."
Drafted in 1941, Cartier served as an infantryman and as a heavy machine gunner in a tank battalion, fighting in France and Germany. He was severely wounded in Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge and again when his hospital train was blown apart, and was awarded the Purple Heart and Bronze Star. He returned to Street & Smith after the war, illustrating The Shadow,Astounding and Doc Savage, and also producing cover and interior art for Red Dragon Comics and Super-Magician Comics.
Cartier's stylish and whimsical illustrations inspired generations of science fiction artists including Frank Kelly Freas, and comic book illustrators including Mort Meskin, Batman artists Bob Kane and Jerry Robinson, and EC's Joe Orlando.
"Cartier was just an amazing artist," observes Mike Grell, longtime illustrator of DC Comic's Legion of Super-Heroes and The Warlord. "The volume of his work is nothing compared to the quality. I loved his black and white Shadow illustrations -- talk about solid. Having to draw for reproduction in the pulps, he made the best use of blacks and, more importantly, whites -- like painting with light!"
During the early 1950s, Cartier was the premier artist for the Fantasy Press and Gnome Press book publishing houses, and illustrated the delightful Hoka stories by Poul Anderson and Gord
on R. Dickson.
A longtime friend of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, Cartier served for two decades as a judge for the L. RonHubbard Illustrators of the Future Contest.
In 1994, Cartier attended the world premiere of "The Shadow" movie as a guest of Universal Pictures, and was delighted to see the look of his old pulp illustrations brought to life on screen.
Cartier's wife of 65 years, Georgina, died earlier in the year. He is survived by sons Dean Cartier of Ramsey, NJ, and Kenn Cartier and his wife Ryoko of Redmond, WA, and grandchildren, Marika and Leland.
Happy Holidays from the Sanctum Productions pulp reprint team .... Will Murray, Joseph Wrzos, Michael Piper, Carl Gafford, and yours truly, Anthony Tollin.
All indications are that 2008 will be another very special year for our Sanctum Productions/Nostalgia Ventures pulp reprints. We have some very special features coming up in soon-to-be-published volumes of THE SHADOW and DOC SAVAGE. Upcoming releases include:
Shipping 2nd week of January:
THE SHADOW #14: The Grove of Doom/The Masked Lady
DOC SAVAGE #13: Brand of the Werewolf/Fear Cay
Shipping 2nd week of February (ORIGINS MONTH):
THE SHADOW #15: The Shadow Unmasks/The Yellow Band
DOC SAVAGE #14: The Man of Bronze/The Land of Fear (Introduction by Lester Dent)
Shipping 2nd week of March (EDD CARTIER MONTH):
THE SHADOW #16: The City of Crime/Shadow Over Alcatraz (Foreword by Edd Cartier)
DOC SAVAGE #15: Terror Wears No Shoes/The Red Spider (with unpublished Edd Cartier art)/Return from Cormoral/Doc Savage, Supreme Adventurer
Shipping 2nd week of April:
THE SHADOW #17: The Fate Joss/The Golden Pagoda
DOC SAVAGE #16: Secret in the Sky/The Giggling Ghosts
February 2008 will be our special "ORIGINS MONTH" as we celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Man of Bronze's debut by reprinting the first two Doc Savage thrillers, and also the novels that introduced Kent Allard and uncovered The Shadow's greatest secrets. DOC SAVAGE Volume 14 leads off with a never-before-published remembrance of Doc Savage written by Lester Dent in 1953, and concludes with a similarly unpublished autobiography by the Man of Bronze's main writer. Both of these were, of course, unearthed by Will Murray, the literary agent for the Dent Estate and the author of most of our historical articles and commentary.
BTW, we're offering the Bama Variant edition of DOC SAVAGE Volume 14 ("The Man of Bronze"/"The Land of Terror") as a free bonus with a new (or renewed) 12-book subscription. You can get this edition by subscribing/renewing for 12 volumes of either DOC SAVAGE or THE SHADOW, or by subscribing for six issues each of BOTH series. (12 volumes for $144 via First Class/Priority Mail or $132 via Media Mail.)
March 2008 will be "EDD CARTIER MONTH" as we continue our celebration of Doc Savage's 75th anniversary. DOC SAVAGE Volume 15 features four Doc Savage thrillers, plus an article on his illustrious father by Dean Cartier. THE SHADOW #16 leads off with a foreword by Edd Cartier, one of the few survivors of the Street & Smith hero pulps.
Edd's introduction recalls his years studying at Brooklyn's Pratt Institute, his career at Street & Smith ... and also explains why as a student he turned down an invitation to become Norman Rockwell's assistant. Cartier of course also recalls his professional association with legendary ASTOUNDING editor John W. Campbell.
I visited my friends Dean and Edd Cartier on my recent trip to New Jersey, and they very kindly allowed me to scan around 300 printers proofs of Edd's classic illustrations from THE SHADOW MAGAZINE and DOC SAVAGE. Street & Smith's press proofs were printed on much better paper than their pulps, so you'll be seeing much better reproduction of Edd's work in future issues. Also, one illustration from "City of Crime" was badly cropped in its original pulp publication, but you'll be seeing the full piece of art (about a third more) when the story is reprinted (paired with "Shadow Over Alcatraz" in THE SHADOW Volume 16.
With the single exception of "The Murder Master," we've been avoiding reprinting Kent Allard stories until The Shadow's true identity is introduced in "The Shadow Unmasks." That's also limited the use of Edd Cartier-illustrated stories. However, with "The Shadow Unmasks" being reprinted for the first time in THE SHADOW Volume 15, you'll be seeing a lot of both Kent Allard and Edd Cartier in 2008.
ABOVE: "City of Crime" illustration as it appeared badly cropped in the 10/1/36 issue of THE SHADOW MAGAZINE. You'll be able to see the full uncropped Edd Cartier art in THE SHADOW #16.
By the way, this won't be the first instance where we restored an illustration in our trade paperbacks. How many of you noticed that our reprint of Theodore Tinsley's "Partners of Peril" featured a great Tom Lovell two-page illustration for the story that had been dropped from the original pulp due to lack of space? And in DOC SAVAGE Volume 13, we replaced a Paul Orban illustration for "Brand of the Werewolf" that was dropped from the pulp and used only in a S&S house ad.
Best of all, Edd Cartier is allowing me to print the never-published art he did for "In Hell, Madonna" (aka "The Red Spider") in 1948. The story, tabled by editor Daisy Bacon when she took over the editorial chores in the final year of the DOC SAVAGE pulp, was finally published in 1978 by Bantam, but minus the illustrations that Edd had done for the story. (DOC SAVAGE #15 also features Bob Larkin's striking cover for "The Red Spider," and reprints the very first Doc Savage story, "Doc Savage, Supreme Adventurer" by John L. Nanovic, the 1932 novelette that predated and was the prototype for Lester Dent's "The Man of Bronze."
And to make our lead-off books of 2008 extra special, the cover art on our January and February SHADOW and DOC SAVAGE releases is scanned from the original art, not printed pulps ... which means you'll be seeing the same crystal-clear clarity you previously witnessed with our reprinting of Baumhofer's "Pirates of the Pacific" cover on DOC SAVAGE Volume 6.
Our Doc Savag
e Origin month will be celebrated with variant cover editions, respectively featuring Walter Baumhofer's and James Bama's classic covers for "The Man of Bronze." This is made possible by the continuing generosity of Robert Lesser, Bob Chapman (of Graphitti Designs) and Scott Cranford. (BTW, Bob Chapman still has some of his high-quality art prints of James Bama's Doc Savage paintings available at www.graphittidesigns.com. I recommend them highly.)
Again, Happy Holidays from your friends at Sanctum Productions.
Hi, Anthony Tollin here.
Welcome to the first installment of The Shadow Sanctum Blog, where I hope to regularly provide advance glimpses of our upcoming Sanctum Productions/ NostalgiaVentures books.
During the past year, I've received a number of requests for SHADOW and DOC SAVAGE letter columns. There are technical reasons we can't include a lettercol in our books, but we will soon be launching an online lettercol at this site. If you have comments or questions regarding the Man of Bronze, the Master of Darkness, our books, historical articles and website, please email your comments to email@example.com.
And if you'd like to say "hello" in person, I'll be attending the opening ceremonies of the new Lester Dent pulp museum in La Plata, Missouri in October. The following weekend (October 18-21, 2007) I make my annual pilgrimage to the annual FRIENDS OF OLD-TIME RADIO Convention at the Holiday Inn North at Newark International Airport in New Jersey. This year, I'll be directing an X-MINUS ONE cast reunion, and also a JACK BENNY recreation starring the wonderful Eddie Carroll and Shirley Mitchell.
By the way, former FOTR-guest Rosa Rio is still performing concerts. "The queen of the radio organists (who provided the mysterious melodies on the Orson Welles Goodrich SHADOW broadcasts) was recently interviewed by the ST. PETERSBURG TIMES as she celebrated another birthday. Which one? I'll never tell, but you can find out for yourself by clicking here.
If you like this new website, kudos go to Kirk Kimball, creator of DIAL B FOR BLOG. Kirk (aka Robby Reed) joins our regular Sanctum Productions team that also includes popular-culture historian Will Murray, copy editor Joseph Wrzos,proofreader Carl Gafford and graphics wizard Michael Piper.
My special subscription offer is still in effect. For a limited time, anyone who subscribes (or renews) for 12 books (either six volumes each of THE SHADOW and DOC SAVAGE, or twelve issues of one or the other, receives our DOC SAVAGE #2 Bama Variant as a bonus book. A 12-book subscription costs $144 via first class mail or $132 via media mail. This offer is valid only on subscriptions ordered directly from my Sanctum Productions, which mails out all subscription copies packed between protective cardboard. (As far as I know, this bonus-book subscription offer is not currently available on subscriptions ordered from Nostalgia Ventures or Adventure House.)
For those of you who haven't yet picked up THE SHADOW #9, a lot of those who have done so have been stunned by how much of Ted Tinsley's PARTNERS OF PERIL plot was "borrowed" by Bill Finger and Bob Kane in their first Batman story. ALTER EGO editor Roy Thomas has observed that the discovery has rewritten the history of Batman. It certainly puts to rest Bob Kane's frequent claim that Zorro was his primary inspiration for Batman.
Of course, there was very little of Johnston McCulley's swashbuckler in the early years of Batman; Bruce Wayne certainly behaved like the debonair Lamont Cranston and not the effete Don Diego Vega. Jerry Robinson, the golden-age Batman artist who created The Joker, has provided the foreword for our "Foreshadowing the Batman" extra-length edition. THE SHADOW #9 also reprints one of Walter Gibson's greatest novels, LINGO. It's another not-to-be-missed masterpiece of misdirection.
DOC SAVAGE #8 casts our historical spotlight on the real-life adventurer who inspired the creation of both Doc Savage and The Avenger. Will Murray has authored a dynamite article on Colonel Richard Henry Savage, a West Point graduate who later served his nation in a variety of military and diplomatic roles. In his later years, Dick Savage became a much-published author. One of his books was published by Street & Smith the year after Henry William Ralston joined the publishing house. Decades later, as Street & Smith's circulation manager, Ralston bequeathed the dynamic hero's surname to his new bronze hero.
Like THE SHADOW #9, DOC SAVAGE #8 also has a Batman connection. In addition to Lester Dent's THE SEA MAGICIAN, the volume reprints Harold A. Davis' THE LIVING-FIRE MENACE which introduced Doc's yellow utility belt, which Batman's Bill Finger acknowledged as inspiring the Caped Crusader's similar belt.
Hot on the heels of our July "Foreshadowing the Batman" theme, THE SHADOW #10 features a super-villain theme, reprinting THE CITY OF DOOM (the second Voodoo Master epic) and THE FIFTH FACE (in which The Shadow battles the master of disguise known only as Five-face). Our August SHADOW release should be of special interest to science fiction fans. Just hours before I departed for San Diego's annual Comic-con International, I received Harlan Ellison's foreword. The book also features a "lost" SHADOW radio script by Alfred Bester, the author of THE DEMOLISHED MAN (winner of the first "best novel" Hugo Award) and the classic THE STARS MY DESTINATION. If you have friends who are fans of SFWA grandmasters Alfred Bester and Harlan Ellison, please let them know that our super-villain special will be shipping to stores in August.
In addition to THE MAJII and THE GOLDEN MAN, DOC SAVAGE #9 features a photo-illustrated article by Will Murray on the Street & Smith Building. Will has included firsthand recollections by Walter Gibson, Isaac Asimov, John Nanovic, Daisy Bacon, Frederick Pohl, DOC SAVAGE cover-artist Robert Harris and many others including my late friend Sam Moscowitz. As Will reveals, Street & Smith saw itself as a printing company more than a publishing house. The printing plant, bindery and loading docks were housed in the same Manhattan building as its editorial department. A single month's magazine output would have equaled a pile 44 miles high. It's a pretty amazing story, not to be missed.
Late-breaking news: Master-magician Mark Wilson has just agreed to write the foreword for THE SHADOW #9, an extra-long edition chronicling "The Magic World of Walter Gibson." Future forewords will be written by legendary artists Edd Cartier and Everett Raymond Kinstler, as well as Gerry Conway and Margot Stevenson (who costarred as "the lovely Margot La
ne" opposite Orson Welles in 1938... and decades later knitted my daughter's first baby blanket).
Next time, I'll be covering some of our Sanctum Productions/Nostalgia Ventures plans for Doc Savage's upcoming 75th anniversary in February and March, 2008. Until then, remember ...
"The weed of crime bears bitter fruit. Crime does not pay. The Shadow knows!"